Bandung & Sekitarnya
Shubuh : 4:36 | Terbit : 5:59 | Dzuhur : 11:50 | Asar : 15:11 | Magrib : 17:42 | Isya : 19:04 WIB TIM HUMAS: percikaniman yyudhanto
Info Penting!
  • Gabung! Dakwah MAYA di http://www.facebook.com/kajianmpi and http://twitter.com/percikaniman.
Kategori : Tanya Jawab Islam
SEJARAH TAFSIR AL-QURAN

Posted by homepi on 18 Agustus 2011 | Comment 80 | dibaca : 6745

SEJARAH TAFSIR AL-QURAN
Ustadz, mohon diterangkan materi sejarah tafsir AlQur'an dengan bahasa yang bisa kami pahami?

Tafsir Al-Quran sudah ada sejak zaman Rasulullah Saw. beliau adalah penafsir pertama dan utama Al-Quran. Itulah sebabnya dalam tafsir Ibnu Katsir (dalam mukadimahnya) beliau memberikan satu arahan bagaimana metode tafsir yang baik. Metode tafsir yang terbaik adalah tafsirul Quran bil Quran. Menafsirkan Al-Quran dengan Al-Quran. Antara satu ayat dengan ayat yang lain dalam Al-Quran boleh jadi saling menafsirkan.

Misalnya, ketika Anda membaca ayat pertama surat Al-Mukminuun yang artinya "Sungguh beruntung orang-orang yang beriman." Kalau hanya membaca satu ayat tersebut, pahamkah kita maksudnya? Tentu saja tidak. Ayat itu membutuhkan penjelasan, orang beriman yang beruntung itu yang seperti apa? Ayat 2-12 surat Al-Mukminun adalah ayat-ayat selanjutnya, "(Yaitu) orang-orang yang khusyu dalam shalatnya. Dan orang-orang yang menjauhkan diri dari (perbuatan dan perkataan) yang tiada berguna. Dan orang-orang yang menunaikan zakat. Dan orang-orang yang menjaga kemaluannya. Kecuali terhadap isteri-isteri mereka atau budak yang mereka miliki, maka sesungguhnya mereka dalam hal ini tiada tercela. Barangsiapa mencari yang di balik itu maka mereka itulah orang-orang yang melampaui batas. Dan orang-orang yang memelihara amanat-amanat (yang dipikulnya) dan janjinya. Dan orang-orang yang memelihara shalatnya. Mereka itulah orang-orang yang akan mewarisi. (Yakni) yang akan mewarisi surga Firdaus. Mereka kekal di dalamnya. Dan sesungguhnya Kami telah menciptakan manusia dari suatu saripati (berasal) dari tanah. Kemudian Kami jadikan saripati itu air mani (yang disimpan) dalam tempat yang kokoh (rahim)."

Selain metode tersebut, ada juga metode menafsirkan Al-Quran dengan hadits. Mislanya pada ayat yang mengatakan, "Sungguh perbuatan mereka itu menutupi hati mereka." Apa maksudnya? Penjelasannya ada dalam hadits Nab Muhammad Saw. yang diriwayatkan oleh Imam Tirmidzi. "Apabila seorang hamba bersalah (berdosa), akan tumbuh satu noda hitam dalam hatinya, tapi kalau si hamba menghentikan perbuatan dosanya, ia memohon ampun, ia bertobat, ia berhenti dari kesalahannya maka cemerlanglah hatinya. Tapi kalau hamba itu mengulang-ulangi lagi perbuatannya, maka dosa itu akan semakin bertambah dan bertambah hingga menutupi hatinya."

Berkat hadits tersebut, kita bisa memahami apa maksud ayat yang menyatakan perbuatan yang dpat menutupi hal tersebut tadi.

Ada juga metode menafsirkan Al-Quran dengan qaul (perkataan) sahabat. Sahabat yang ahli dalam bidang tafsir adalah Ibnu Abbas. Rasulullah Saw pernah mendoakan Ibnu Abbas agar menjadi seorang penafsir Al-Quran. Beliau pernah berdoa, "Ya Allah, pahamkan dia tentang Al-Quran dan beri kemampuan dia untuk menafsirkan Al-Quran." Akhirnya, Ibnu Abbas pun menjadi ahli tafsir di kalangan para sahabat. Terakhir, metode menafsirkan Al-Quran dengan merujuk pada pendpat para tabiin (ornag-orang yang beriman setelah para sahabat).

Itulah sekilas tentang sejarah penafsiran Al-Quran sejak zaman Rasulullah, sahabat, hingga tabiin. Jadi, Al-Quran itu sendiri dapat dtafsirkan dengan AL-Quran itu sendiri, perkataan Rasulullah, perkataan para sahabat, dan perkataan para tabiin. Keempat metode tersebut dinamakan tafsir bin matsur. Kalau semua tahapan ini sudah dilewati, kita baru boleh masuk ke tahap penafsiran selanjutnya, yaitu tafsir bil ro'yi. Artinya, si penafsir mencurahkan semua ilmunya untuk memberikan makna-makna pada ayat tersebut, dengan catatan dia telah melewati tafsir bil matsur.
Wallahu a'lam.

 

80 Komentar

 
 
abdul qodir jaelani
Pada : Sabtu, 27 Agustus 2011 / 03:54:35

Al-Quran syarat dg makna saling berkait ayat yg saling mendukung dan bgt pula hadist shahih .. unsur ayat Quran & Hadist memuat kedalaman pemahaman juga mengandung unsur ilmiah sehingga sejalan dg ilmu pengetahuan .. semoga Allah senantiasa memberikan hidayah & petunjuk-Nya .. wallahu alam bishawwab.

 
pupuh lia
Pada : Selasa, 27 September 2011 / 10:59:00

ass,pa ustad apakah setiap berdoa disarankan harus mengangkat tangan,dan apakah ada hadistnya tentang itu.saya minta penjelasannya terima kasih.wassalam

 
Hira
Pada : Rabu, 04 September 2013 / 07:51:17

April 30, 2011I applaused your efrfot to be kind to non believers but you must not end there. Many women suffer under what is known as Sharia Law in the Muslim faith. One example of this law states that when a women is raped under Sharia she is considered at fault and is to be stoned. The men on the other hand go free or are lightly punished.If you really want to do the right and Godly thing share the gospel of Jesus Christ with them; 1 Cor. 15:1-5. An remember that we are not to be unevenly yoked with non beleivers so we are going against God if we join in any of their efrfots to acknowledge their god, so called. Jesus taught in John 14:6 that He is the only way to the Father this verse alone excludes all other ways to Heaven. Gal. 1:8, also warns that if we preach any other gospel than the one Paul the Apostle preached then we are to be accursed. So be very careful in your efrfots you dont want to go against God by trying to comfort those who teach another way to Heaven, (paradise) like Muslims teach. I have preached to many Muslims via love at the American Arab Friendship center and beleive me many of the Muslim women their do not want to be under Sharia but there fear what will happen to them if they speak out. I have converted Muslim friends that work there and if you want to reach out to them in love sign up to work there or financially support them. My challenge to your group is to do something positive to win them to the only hope for man kind Jesus Christ our Lord and Savior because Ali is the road to destruction. In Jesus love!

 
www vigara com
Pada : Minggu, 22 September 2013 / 08:57:21

I agree that ‘daraba’ has difference in meaning when it appears as a phrase and when it appears as a single verb. If you look at 4:34 you will see the verb is Idribuhunna which is in: Idribu + hunna form. The same daraba usage is in 13:17 yadribu + al-haqqa . So, if we establish the fact that whenever daraba comes as a verb followed by an object of that verb, and daraba is not in a phrase form, then daraba will mean ‘to hit’. If daraba comes as a phrase, then it can have other meanings like ‘darab mathala’ means to give an example. If we go by the logic that daraba+object means to hit the object then 13:17 would be translated as – Allah hits Truth and Falsehood.I would like to understand why the same verb form followed by an object (not in any phrase form) can be translated as ‘to hit’ in 4:34 but cannot be translated as ‘to hit’ in 13:17.

 
health insurance christian
Pada : Jumat, 18 Oktober 2013 / 13:54:05

Theres a terrific amount of knowledge in this article!

 
Buy Discount Cialis Best Online
Pada : Senin, 21 Oktober 2013 / 00:12:21

Theres a terrific amount of knowledge in this article!

 
auto insurance quuotes
Pada : Senin, 21 Oktober 2013 / 15:28:03

Youve really captured all the essentials in this subject area, havent you?

 
blackjack
Pada : Rabu, 23 Oktober 2013 / 19:37:49

I wanted to spend a minute to thank you for this.

 
agency auto insurance
Pada : Jumat, 25 Oktober 2013 / 07:39:32

Got it! Thanks a lot again for helping me out!

 
insurance health cat
Pada : Minggu, 27 Oktober 2013 / 05:41:28

I thought finding this would be so arduous but its a breeze!

 
car insurance quote
Pada : Minggu, 27 Oktober 2013 / 23:06:57

Haha. I woke up down today. Youve cheered me up!

 
LOW AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE
Pada : Selasa, 29 Oktober 2013 / 04:04:43

Was totally stuck until I read this, now back up and running.

 
cheap auto insurance
Pada : Selasa, 29 Oktober 2013 / 22:52:37

Brilliance for free; your parents must be a sweetheart and a certified genius.

 
casino games
Pada : Kamis, 31 Oktober 2013 / 07:09:19

Free info like this is an apple from the tree of knowledge. Sinful?

 
cheap online car insurance quotes
Pada : Jumat, 01 Nopember 2013 / 04:00:01

I was looking everywhere and this popped up like nothing!

 
Utah free florida auto insurance quotes
Pada : Jumat, 01 Nopember 2013 / 20:27:07

Great hammer of Thor, that is powerfully helpful!

 
online college programs
Pada : Sabtu, 02 Nopember 2013 / 15:43:23

Superbly illuminating data here, thanks!

 
cheap motor insurance
Pada : Minggu, 03 Nopember 2013 / 06:26:33

This website makes things hella easy.

 
cheap car insurance nj
Pada : Selasa, 05 Nopember 2013 / 08:27:05

Yo, thats whats up truthfully.

 
free casino online
Pada : Selasa, 05 Nopember 2013 / 18:24:52

Thanks for sharing. What a pleasure to read!

 
Shop Florida Car Insurance Quotes
Pada : Rabu, 06 Nopember 2013 / 14:41:52

If my problem was a Death Star, this article is a photon torpedo.

 
cialis and viagra
Pada : Kamis, 07 Nopember 2013 / 17:07:59

Thats an ingenious way of thinking about it.

 
instant car insurance quotes
Pada : Sabtu, 09 Nopember 2013 / 06:41:18

A few years ago Id have to pay someone for this information.

 
health insurance in ok
Pada : Senin, 11 Nopember 2013 / 22:03:06

Thanks for spending time on the computer (writing) so others dont have to.

 
mississippi online casino
Pada : Selasa, 12 Nopember 2013 / 20:43:17

This information is off the hizool!

 
New Jersey car insurance and
Pada : Rabu, 13 Nopember 2013 / 08:50:59

Thats not just the best answer. Its the bestest answer!

 
private health insurance plans
Pada : Rabu, 13 Nopember 2013 / 20:16:14

Lot of smarts in that posting!

 
car insurance teenager
Pada : Jumat, 15 Nopember 2013 / 11:43:05

A perfect reply! Thanks for taking the trouble.

 
auto insurance quotes
Pada : Sabtu, 16 Nopember 2013 / 09:02:23

What a joy to find such clear thinking. Thanks for posting!

 
casino online games
Pada : Minggu, 17 Nopember 2013 / 20:59:11

These pieces really set a standard in the industry.

 
buy car insurance online now
Pada : Minggu, 17 Nopember 2013 / 23:54:51

Thats a brilliant answer to an interesting question

 
cheap insurance
Pada : Senin, 18 Nopember 2013 / 11:50:20

Ive been looking for a post like this forever (and a day)

 
american life insurance
Pada : Kamis, 21 Nopember 2013 / 00:07:50

Cool! Thats a clever way of looking at it!

 
service insurance auto
Pada : Kamis, 21 Nopember 2013 / 21:08:48

Thats a shrewd answer to a tricky question

 
order viagra
Pada : Jumat, 22 Nopember 2013 / 16:24:18

Thanks for that! Its just the answer I needed.

 
auto insurance
Pada : Sabtu, 23 Nopember 2013 / 05:25:39

Its a pleasure to find such rationality in an answer. Welcome to the debate.

 
on-line viagra
Pada : Minggu, 24 Nopember 2013 / 14:25:51

I want to send you an award for most helpful internet writer.

 
auto insurance quotes
Pada : Minggu, 24 Nopember 2013 / 16:59:38

Right on-this helped me sort things right out.

 
car insurance quote pa
Pada : Selasa, 26 Nopember 2013 / 16:02:52

Not bad at all fellas and gallas. Thanks.

 
free insurance quote for car in nj
Pada : Rabu, 27 Nopember 2013 / 11:48:12

Real brain power on display. Thanks for that answer!

 
bestellen levitra
Pada : Kamis, 28 Nopember 2013 / 17:49:55

Its always a pleasure to hear from someone with expertise.

 
degree online nurse practitioner
Pada : Jumat, 29 Nopember 2013 / 09:08:32

We need a lot more insights like this!

 
cheapest auto insurance
Pada : Sabtu, 30 Nopember 2013 / 01:18:13

I cant believe Ive been going for years without knowing that.

 
cheap viagra
Pada : Sabtu, 30 Nopember 2013 / 18:57:46

Well I guess I dont have to spend the weekend figuring this one out!

 
accredited online universities
Pada : Minggu, 01 Desember 2013 / 02:42:01

When you think about it, thats got to be the right answer.

 
software online courses
Pada : Minggu, 01 Desember 2013 / 23:32:11

I literally jumped out of my chair and danced after reading this!

 
cialis
Pada : Senin, 02 Desember 2013 / 02:46:10

Absolutely first rate and copper-bottomed, gentlemen!

 
cialis
Pada : Selasa, 03 Desember 2013 / 10:19:00

Articles like this are an example of quick, helpful answers.

 
motor vehicle insurance quotes
Pada : Rabu, 04 Desember 2013 / 01:18:23

This is just the perfect answer for all forum members

 
Online Colleges degrees
Pada : Rabu, 04 Desember 2013 / 21:31:09

Mighty useful. Make no mistake, I appreciate it.

 
mga insurance auto
Pada : Kamis, 05 Desember 2013 / 04:20:34

Too many compliments too little space, thanks!

 
online priligy
Pada : Jumat, 06 Desember 2013 / 05:34:30

This is a really intelligent way to answer the question.

 
cialis generic
Pada : Jumat, 06 Desember 2013 / 21:09:29

Finding this post solves a problem for me. Thanks!

 
generic cialis
Pada : Senin, 09 Desember 2013 / 13:54:55

Essays like this are so important to broadening peoples horizons.

 
medicare supplement insurance
Pada : Rabu, 11 Desember 2013 / 04:12:14

Keep on writing and chugging away!

 
viagra online sale
Pada : Jumat, 13 Desember 2013 / 04:36:14

No question this is the place to get this info, thanks yall.

 
car insurance quotes
Pada : Minggu, 15 Desember 2013 / 18:45:26

Sharp thinking! Thanks for the answer.

 
CA car insurance quote
Pada : Minggu, 15 Desember 2013 / 23:01:39

One or two to remember, that is.

 
viagra online with out precription
Pada : Senin, 16 Desember 2013 / 14:37:10

BS low - rationality high! Really good answer!

 
auto insurance quote
Pada : Selasa, 17 Desember 2013 / 11:42:16

Ill try to put this to good use immediately.

 
auto insurance quotes
Pada : Rabu, 18 Desember 2013 / 04:36:06

Big help, big help. And superlative news of course.

 
Cheap Car Insurance Quote
Pada : Kamis, 19 Desember 2013 / 02:51:36

Thats a wise answer to a tricky question

 
car insurance quotes online
Pada : Kamis, 19 Desember 2013 / 10:08:59

People normally pay me for this and you are giving it away!

 
order cialis and viagra on line
Pada : Jumat, 20 Desember 2013 / 03:39:28

Appreciation for this information is over 9000-thank you!

 
impotence
Pada : Jumat, 20 Desember 2013 / 23:58:17

And I thought I was the sensible one. Thanks for setting me straight.

 
auto insurance quotes
Pada : Sabtu, 21 Desember 2013 / 01:56:55

Thats a cunning answer to a challenging question

 
Cheap Car Insurance Quote
Pada : Minggu, 22 Desember 2013 / 03:33:27

Never seen a better post! ICOCBW

 
insureyourcaronline.com
Pada : Minggu, 22 Desember 2013 / 19:33:17

Thinking like that shows an experts touch

 
buy car insurance online
Pada : Senin, 23 Desember 2013 / 20:39:44

Your posting is absolutely on the point!

 
affortable car and home insurance
Pada : Kamis, 26 Desember 2013 / 12:42:48

Thanks for the insight. It brings light into the dark!

 
insureyourcaronline.com
Pada : Jumat, 27 Desember 2013 / 15:36:40

That takes us up to the next level. Great posting.

 
buy prednisone no precription
Pada : Sabtu, 28 Desember 2013 / 15:17:34

Wow, your post makes mine look feeble. More power to you!

 
insurance auto group
Pada : Senin, 30 Desember 2013 / 18:52:35

Thinking like that shows an expert at work

 
auto insurance quotes online
Pada : Kamis, 09 Januari 2014 / 08:57:45

Youve really impressed me with that answer!

 
play for fun casinos
Pada : Jumat, 17 Januari 2014 / 00:25:05

Furrealz? Thats marvelously good to know.

 
insurance auto quotes
Pada : Selasa, 21 Januari 2014 / 11:02:16

Hot damn, looking pretty useful buddy.

 
buy cheap levitra
Pada : Senin, 27 Januari 2014 / 02:16:38

I might be beating a dead horse, but thank you for posting this!

 
free auto insurance quotes in nj
Pada : Senin, 03 Februari 2014 / 10:31:50

Now I know who the brainy one is, Ill keep looking for your posts.

 
cheap generic levitra
Pada : Senin, 10 Februari 2014 / 09:55:11

I cant hear anything over the sound of how awesome this article is.

 
Tuesday
Pada : Minggu, 02 Maret 2014 / 19:22:09

In Case your insurance QuotesChimp lets you know they wish to complete your broken vehicle, dont simply roll-over when they let you know just how small they believe your auto will probably be worth. Try the Kelly Blue web site, which ought to be at check your local library, as well as in your local newspaper in the classifieds to find out what autos like yours are available for. It is going to usually be much more compared to the corporation desired to cover. In the event it is presented by you to the corporation this proof worth might bring the evening. In Addition, in the event your own car contains additional gear, for instance a precious audio system, AC, unique wheels, etc., be certain to tell them. It could enhance the significance of your automobile when the organization  4; #3 4; it & totals. Some businesses may promote an indorsement thatll put in an advantage demanding the business in the event the protected automobile should be totaled to cover a fresh automobile to you.

 

Kirim Komentar

 
 
Nama :
E-mail :
Website :
Komentar :
Jawab :
     
   

Buku Khazanah

Cinta & Seks Rumah Tangga Muslim
Cinta & Seks Rumah Tangga Muslim
dr. Untung Sentosa, M.Kes., Aam Amiruddin, M.Si
Rp. 37.500,-
Kode : K0027

Mayoritas masyarakat kita masih memandang seks bukanlah prioritas penting dalam membina rumah tangga. Bahkan tidak sedik ... Baca »

PELUANG
Pusat buku bermutu karya Ust. Dr. Aam Amiruddin
www.khazanahintelektual.com
Tim Pengurus Kematian Percikan Iman | Melayani Sesuai Syariah | Telp.08122-119-189/022-4238445
tpk.percikaniman.org
Kajian Ahad Pagi Bandung @Majelis Percikan Iman
MPI (Majlis Percikan Iman)
Investasi Tiada Batas untuk Akherat yang Abadi
http://wakaf.percikaniman.org
Profil,buku,jadwal,video aktifitas Dr.Aam Amiruddin
Pusat Artikel Islam, Tanya Jawab dan Dakwah
Kontak ZIS telp.022-76888795/081802023030
Pengelola Zakat Infaq Percikan Iman ZISWAF Amany
Kumpulan Software, Program dan Aplikasi Islam
http://software-islam.percikaniman.org/